Since the times of ancient Rome, it has been customary for a man to give a woman an engagement ring. It was put on the finger nearest the pinky of the left hand, for ancient scientists believed this finger held a vein that led to the heart. Indeed, a Roman fiancée was given two rings: she wore a gold ring in public and an iron ring inside the house. Historians believe that the first diamond engagement ring was given to Mary of Burgundy by Archduke Maximilian of Austria in 1477. People believed at the time that the sparkle of a diamond had its origins in the fires of love stoked by alchemists. Ever since then, the diamond has been the preferred gem for an engagement ring.
Types of Diamond Cuts
Technology has allowed diamonds to be cut and polished in ways that were unknown in the days of Mary of Burgundy. One of the most popular types of diamond cuts is the round cut, or brilliant cut. No matter how large the carat, the brilliant cut diamond always has 58 facets.
Princess cut diamonds are very popular for engagement rings. They are square cut and are best placed in a pronged setting that protects the corners. Professionals believe that the way the princess cut diamond is fashioned makes it nearly as brilliant and fiery as a round cut diamond.
The marquise cut is nearly the shape of a football, and this elongated shape makes the diamond look bigger than it is. According to legend, Louis XIV of France had a diamond cut in the shape of the mouth of his mistress, the Marquise of Pompadour.
Other Specialty Cuts
The cushion cut diamond is a square with round corners. Since the 1920s, there have been interesting and attractive modifications to the facets in the pavilion, which is the part of the diamond beneath the girdle, a sort of equator where the top meets the bottom. The pavilion makes up much of the diamond's carat weight.
The fascinating Asscher cut diamond has been around since 1902. It faded out of popularity for a time then became popular again in the early 21st century. It is a square cut diamond with cropped corners and a modified step cut. Because of this, the gem looks like it is filled with sparkling, nested squares.
A diamond can be the only gemstone on the ring, which would make it a solitaire. A group can be set in a channel around part or the entire ring, or there can be a central gem with clusters of much smaller diamonds. There's a wealth of settings to complement any diamond cut! Bring us your heirloom diamonds and gemstones, and our talented custom design team will help you choose the perfect modern setting to showcase your treasures. Give us a call today and see for yourself why John S. Cryan Jewelers is the best jeweler in Bucks County, Pennsylvania.